civil war

Shield of the Union: How the Russian Navy Protected America in the Civil War

The streets of San Francisco and New York teemed with Russian officers and sailors in their bright uniforms in 1863 and they were social successes too. Innumerable parades, dance balls and dinners were organized, many by the visiting Russians themselves […]

50 Shades of American Fascism

The favorite of the leftist progressives of his day, former President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, nominated Hugo Black, a former member of the Ku Klux Klan, to the post of Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Black was one of the longest-serving Justices of the Supreme Court and is notorious for having legally justified Roosevelt’s decision to forcibly transfer all Americans of Japanese descent to concentration camps during WWII […]

The “Catalonian Question”

Catalans are the people who live in the territories of Spain in the autonomous-historical region called Catalonia. Their significance for the Spanish inner politics can be understood as the best if we know that Catalonia (Catalunya) is being since 1975 the most politically and economically powerful autonomous self-governed region in the Kingdom of Spain – during the last 20 years, basically, a kind of “a state within the state”. As a matter of fact, Catalans are the most integrated ethnohistorical groups of Spain together with Basques […]

When the American Civil War Ends: In 1865 or 1965?

The American Civil War, that is usually considered to be ended in 1865, in fact, according to the legal process of implementation of democratic civil rights, proclaimed by the US’ federal government during the war, ended only in 1965 with the Voting Rights Act. What happened in 1865 was just a formal legal attempt by Washington to force the southern states to accept the policy of civil rights and racial equality between African Americans and White Americans but, in practice, the realization of such legal action took a whole century of time […]

A Liberal Democracy, a Market Capitalist Economy and the Permanent Wars

My hypothesis is that a market economy requires a permanent state of war. Behind the crocodile tears for the human disasters and ‘white man burden,’ people and nature are of value in themselves and war does a good job at consuming both very quickly […]

America’s War Аgainst the People of Korea: The Historical Record of US War Crimes

Washington’s objective is to impose the terms of Korea’s reunification. The NeoCons “Project for a New American Century” (PNAC) published in 2000 had intimated that in “post unification scenario”, the number of US troops (currently at 37,000) should be increased and that US military presence could be extended to North Korea. In a reunified Korea, the military mandate of the US garrison would be to implement so-called “stability operations in North Korea” […]