The 1929 Lateran Treaty: B. Mussolini’s Faith-Based Initiative

Hits: 853

This Wednesday, February 11 [2009], will mark the 80th anniversary of the signing of the Lateran Treaty and related agreements, in which Benito Mussolini’s Italy recognized the Vatican as an independent state and showered it with money and other benefits. Mussolini got what he paid for.

For well over a thousand years prior to 1929, Popes exercised absolute civil authority over central Italy, a region known as the “Papal States.” Their power was based on a document called the “Donation of Constantine,” in which the 4th century Roman emperor Constantine was supposed to have granted the successors of St. Peter control over this portion of his domain. It was later conclusively proven that this document was a crude forgery, and Constantine had done no such thing. Mere historical facts were not allowed to get in the way of the Popes’ power, though.

By the mid-19th century, the Papal States had become the most backward part of Europe. This happened in part because of the refusal of Popes to permit the introduction of satanic contraptions like the railroad and telegraph, which might cause confusion among the subjects by facilitating the spread of Enlightenment ideas. Periodically the people would revolt, only to be suppressed by troops supplied by Austria or France. A series of wars that led to the unification of Italy from 1848 to 1870, though, shrunk the area of Papal control to the 109 acres occupied by Vatican City today. Referenda were held among the people of the former Papal State territories, in which they overwhelmingly approved joining the rest of Italy under a constitutional monarchy with a freely-elected parliament.

The Pope of the day, Pius IX, refused to accept this diminution of his power. He announced to the world that he regarded himself as being held prisoner in the Vatican by the Italian government, and would not budge from it until his kingdom was restored. His appeals for outside military help fell on deaf ears, though, and he never ventured outside the Vatican complex again. Neither did any of his successors – for nearly 60 years.

The Italian state had no interest in imprisoning the Pope, or in exercising any control over Catholic religious doctrine. It simply wanted to govern Italy, in accordance with the will of elected representatives. Shortly after the victory of 1870, the government enacted a “Law of Guarantees,” protecting the Pope and exempting him from all jurisdiction of Italian courts. The Law of Guarantees also forbade the government inspection of Papal departments with purely spiritual functions, while awarding the Pope himself a generous annual income. The Popes, though, refused to accept the money, because doing so might acknowledge the validity of a status they rejected; in fact, they never recognized the sovereignty of the Italian state at all. An infallible Pope, who maintains earth’s only direct line to God, could not allow himself to be subject to the will of any other mortal; unlike every other religious leader on the planet, the Pope insisted on the need to govern all aspects of his own earthly kingdom. So the standoff continued, Pope after Pope, even though the government scrupulously adhered to its policy of non-interference in spiritual affairs – “a free Church in a free state,” as the Italian statesman Cavour had put it. Even the Pope admitted when the Lateran treaty was ultimately signed that “For the last sixty years the Vatican has in fact governed without any special complications.”

In 1922, Benito Mussolini’s Fascist Party seized power in Italy. Not through free elections, as Hitler later did, but through the threat of a violent uprising that caused a timid government to buckle. Mussolini had never been terribly religious; in 1908 he had dismissed priests as “black microbes who are as fatal to mankind as tuberculosis germs,” and he later wrote a scurrilous novel called The Cardinal’s Mistress. In 1910 he introduced a resolution urging members of his party to “avoid religious marriage and the baptism of their children.” As recently as 1920 he railed against what he called the “rival Vaticans” of Rome and Moscow. “We are the heretics of both religions. We have torn to pieces all the revealed truths, we have spat upon all the dogmas, rejected all the paradises, scoffed at all the charlatans – red, white and black – who market miraculous drugs to give happiness to mankind.”

Nonetheless, his coup was quietly backed by the Church, which bet that Fascism’s drive for lockstep “unity” as the ultimate goal of social organization would result in the Church being united in rather than squeezed out. The Church even caused Italy’s Catholic political party to disband rather than to oppose Mussolini.

The Church guessed right. One of Mussolini’s first acts was to re-install crucifixes in classrooms and courtrooms that had been removed during Italy’s short-lived attempt to separate Church and state. In 1926, secret negotiations commenced over a series of agreements that ultimately included a “treaty” in which Italy would recognize the 109 acre Vatican City as an independent country, a concordat establishing Catholicism as Italy’s official religion and granting the Church enormous power, and a financial “settlement” in which the taxpayers of Italy forked over millions of lire, equivalent to well over $1 billion in today’s money, to soothe the Pope’s anguish over the loss of his lands. Over half the price was paid in bonds rather than in cash, to keep the Church dependent on future government willingness to honor the arrangement.

The financial settlement was the most galling aspect of the deal. The people of central Italy had revolted successfully against a monarch claiming to rule by divine right, exactly as the people of the North American colonies had revolted successfully against another monarch in 1776. Did it ever dawn on George Washington, et al. that it might be fair to pay a billion dollars to George III to compensate him for his loss? For that matter, did the Church ever contemplate reimbursing the government of Italy for having appropriated the Papal States in the first place based on a forged document? Mussolini knew that Italian taxpayers were simply bribing the Church to support his Fascist unity; only by eliminating all dissent at home could he move forward with his dream to re-create a Roman empire.

As it turned out, the sovereign independence of Vatican City has been of interest to more than just stamp collectors. Under the leadership of one Bernardino Nogara, the Vatican Bank that was capitalized with the proceeds of Mussolini’s payments became one of the major forces in Italian finance, owning several banks, munitions factories, and even Italy’s largest manufacturer of contraceptive devices that were officially banned by the Church. Cardinal Spellman exaggerated only slightly when he claimed that “Next to Jesus Christ, the greatest thing that has happened to the Catholic Church is Bernardino Nogara.” It didn’t take long to figure out that a Bank located on “sovereign” Vatican soil was regulated by no one other than the Pope, and could thus engage with impunity in activities that would be illegal anywhere else: evasion of currency expatriation laws, laundering of drug money, and by the 1970s securities frauds that would have made Enron executives blush. Whenever an American or Italian prosecutor would follow a money trail that led to the Bank, the investigation would have to stop, because no one other than the Pope had the right to inspect the Bank’s records. Some prosecutors who seemed to be closing in on the truth were gunned down on the streets. David Yallop’s book In God’s Name describes the highly suspicious circumstances surrounding the death of Pope John Paul I after only 33 days on the job, which Yallop portrays as a murder to prevent the Pope from making changes at the Bank. No prosecutor has ever been able to investigate that incident, either, because it occurred on Vatican soil. Had Italian law applied, there would at least have been an autopsy.

Mussolini, of course, foresaw none of this. What he saw was that if he was going to create a totalitarian state to replace liberal pluralism, he either had to crush the Church or to co-opt it. Co-opting it was easier.

When the Lateran Treaty was signed 80 years ago last Wednesday, the Archbishop of Quebec claimed that “This historic event, prepared by the providential meeting of a great minister with a great Pope, can only augment the prestige of the Papacy and favor the expansion of Catholicism.” The Pope announced that “We have given back God to Italy, and Italy to God.” According to a shrewd German observer named Adolf Hitler, “The fact that the Curia is now making its peace with Fascism shows that the Vatican trusts the new political realities far more than it did the former liberal democracy, with which it could not come to terms.” The French press gloomily agreed with Hitler’s assessment, warning that the agreements represented “the alliance of the two Romes against the France of 1789.”

The treaties put Catholic indoctrination back into the public schools, recognizing the right of the Catholic bishops to remove any government-paid teacher of religion at will. Suspended priests were banned from all employment that would put them in contact with the public. Priests were exempted not only from military service and taxes, but even from jury duty; priests who committed crimes could be punished only by the Church, not by the state.


Mussolini also used tax money to pay for the salaries of the clergy and the repair of church buildings. When you pay for something, of course, you own it; the treaty made it clear that the Church could not appoint a bishop without advance approval of the Italian government. This power was critical in Mussolini’s eyes. “In the Italian State,” he bragged, “the Church is not sovereign, it is not even free.”

The only serious dispute after the signing of the Treaty involved Catholic Action, the network of labor and youth organizations maintained by the Church in its effort to permeate every sphere of human activity with Catholic thinking. Mussolini, though wanted Italians to think like Fascists, not like Catholics, and sicced his goons onto Catholic Action offices, meetings, and processions. After resisting for a time, the Church finally knuckled under; Catholic Action agreed to stop pursuing trade union or other political ends and limit itself strictly to religious devotions, while removing opponents of Fascism from its leadership positions.

The Church was amply rewarded for its docility. The Freemasons, the principal organization advocating separation of Church and State, was formally abolished and over a hundred Masonic officials were informally assassinated. Protestantism had never been prominent in Italy, but the 135,000 Protestants who spoiled Italy’s absolute religious unity were monitored, harassed, and systematically prevented from proselytizing. The American Catholic Monsignor Ryan cited these policies as a shining example of “Truth having rights, and error none.” Or as the Pope put it in 1932, “In this conflict, there is really question of the fundamental problem of the universe and of the most important decision proposed to man’s free will. For God or against God: this once more is the alternative that shall decide the destinies of all mankind in politics, in finance, in morals, in the sciences and arts, in the State, in civil and domestic society.”

Dictatorship only works when the public reveres the dictator. In Italy and around the world, the Catholic Church did everything it could to promote that reverence. The Pope called Mussolini “the man sent by Providence,” and the Cardinal of Milan referred to him as “the new Constantine.” The Bishop of Cleveland called him the “Man of Destiny,” and Cardinal O’Connell of Boston, who received a high Fascist decoration, exalted him as “a genius in the field of government, given to Italy by God.” Catholic newspapers filled their pages with official propaganda against democracy and praise for the Italian warlike spirit, reminding the faithful that Jesus himself had said “I have not come to bring peace, but a sword.” Fascism permeated Italian religious life down to the smallest detail: the protocol of Catholic processions was modified to match that of Fascist parades, Catholic publications displayed the year of the regime alongside that of the Christian era, and virtually every bishop’s pronouncement and sermon recited obsequious praise for the Duce, not just as a head of government but as a pioneer of civilization’s renewal.

If imitation is the sincerest form of flattery, then the Church’s social teaching flattered Mussolini as well. A 1931 encyclical on “Reconstructing the Social Order” advocated an authoritarian, corporate state as a solution for the world’s economic ills. Advancing an economic program strikingly similar to Fascism, it denounced socialism explicitly, and called for an authoritarian labor movement to combat the left. Singling out Mussolini’s corporative organizations that prohibited all strikes and lockouts, the Pope said: “Little reflection is required to perceive the advantage of the institution thus summarily described; peaceful collaboration of the classes, repression of Socialist organizations and efforts, the moderating influence of a special ministry.”

The reason why Mussolini was so insistent on totalitarian unity at home was to strengthen Italy’s hand abroad. The Church cooperated as eagerly as it knew how. Prior to the Lateran Treaty, the Church had made nice to Soviet Russia, apparently hoping that the demise of the Russian Orthodox Church would create a vacuum it could fill. It sent missionaries to aid in Russian famine relief, and even spoke highly of the “Living Church” movement invented by the Bolsheviks in 1922 to provide a pro-government alternative to the Orthodox Church. The Church’s Soviet initiative may or may not have been naïve; in any case, after aligning with Mussolini, the Vatican’s rhetoric became passionately anti-Bolshevik.

Mussolini sought to break up Yugoslavia by sponsoring Croatian terrorists, who assassinated the Yugoslav king and who launched a Bay of Pigs style invasion from Italian soil. The Church fanned the flames with a stream of invective against the Yugoslav government for its alleged oppression of Croat Catholics. Catholic youth were even forbidden from participating in the Yugoslav national youth organization, because it lacked sufficient religious content.

Mussolini also sought to extend Italian influence over predominantly Muslim Albania by establishing Italian-controlled technical schools and other cultural institutions there. When Albania’s king responded by closing the technical schools and Catholic schools as well, Mussolini erupted. The king backed down and offered a compromise in which the technical schools would be reopened and the Italian language would be made compulsory in all secondary schools. Not good enough, replied Mussolini; the Catholic schools had to be reopened as well. The standoff continued until Mussolini invaded and conquered Albania in 1939, paving the way for the reopening of the Catholic schools.

Mussolini’s most famous foreign adventure, though, was his invasion of Ethiopia in 1935. The Church could barely contain its enthusiasm; the Cardinal of Milan crowed that “On the plains of Ethiopia, the Italian Standard carries forward in triumph the Cross of Christ, … and opens the way for the missionaries of the Gospel.” The Bishop of Cremona chimed in: “The blessing of God be upon these soldiers who, on African soil, will conquer new and fertile lands for the Italian genius, thereby bringing to them Roman and Christian culture. May Italy stand once again as the Christian mentor to the whole world.” The Archbishop of Torano exclaimed that “The war against Ethiopia should be considered as a holy war, a crusade” that would “open Ethiopia, a country of infidels and schismatics, to the expansion of the Catholic Faith.” On a specially-proclaimed “Day of Faith” priests turned over their offertory collections to support the war.

Catholic political parties around the world vigorously supported Mussolini’s crusade, and opposed the League of Nations sanctions against it. Church support never wavered when the army started using poison gas after encountering unexpectedly strong Ethiopian opposition, nor when it executed 30,000 prisoners after a failed attempt to assassinate the military governor. The war ultimately took over three quarters of a million Ethiopian lives. Neither did the Church have any official comment when Mussolini adopted his “Manifesto of Race” in 1938, banning both Jews and Africans from the professions and subjecting their property to confiscation.

After Italy attacked France in 1940, Italian bishops enthusiastically wired Mussolini their pious hope that he would “crown the unfailing victory of our arms by planting the Italian flag over the Holy Sepulcher.” In November, 1941, Italy conferred the title of “prince” on the Pope’s nephews.

A best-selling 1994 book by John Cornwell characterized Pius XII as “Hitler’s Pope” and made a case for Vatican complicity in the Jewish Holocaust. Cornwell’s argument is weak, and undermines the legitimate case that can be made against the Church’s promotion of Fascism. Hitler and Pius XII actually detested one another, and despite his anti-Semitism Pius in fact acted to save the lives of thousands of Jews in Rome. Whether a vocal opposition to the Holocaust would have done more good than harm is debatable and unprovable. What is not nearly as debatable is that Mussolini bought the Roman Catholic Church outright, which responded with grateful cooperation in all his despicable schemes.


Originally published 2009-02-14

Source: God Experts

Origins of images: Facebook, Twitter, Wikimedia, Wikipedia, Flickr, Google, Imageinjection & Pinterest.

Read our Disclaimer/Legal Statement!

Donate to Support Us

We would like to ask you to consider a small donation to help our team keep working. We accept no advertising and rely only on you, our readers, to keep us digging the truth on history, global politics and international relations.

[wpedon id=”4696″ align=”left”]

READ MORE!
The Origin of the Nazi Salutes
Origins of images: Facebook, Twitter, Wikimedia, Wikipedia, Flickr, Google, Imageinjection, Public Domain & Pinterest.Read our Disclaimer/Legal Statement!Donate to Support UsWe would like to ask you to consider a small donation to help our team keep working. We accept no advertising and rely only on you, our readers, to keep us digging the truth on history, global politics and international relations.[wpedon id="4696" align="left"]SaveSave
READ MORE
Hillary Clinton and the Brutal Murder of Gaddafi
On October 20, 2011, Libya’s Muammar al-Gaddafi was brutally murdered by a mob of NATO-backed ‘rebels’, after first being beaten and violated in the most barbaric fashion. History leaves no doubt that not only was the Libyan leader murdered on this day but Libya itself.The regime-change crew who dominate Western governments have a long indictment sheet against their names. Since 9/11 they have wrought havoc and human misery on a grand scale in their determination to reshape and own a world that has never been theirs to own. Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya – Syria currently embroiled in a pitiless conflict for ...
READ MORE
Afghanistan: The Forgotten Proxy War
July 3, 2019 marks the 40th anniversary of when the United States’ first military assault against Afghanistan with the CIA-backed Mujahideen began. It would be a mistake to treat the present-day conflict as being separate from the U.S. intervention that began in 1979 against the then-government of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan. Afghanistan was not always known as the chaotic, ‘failed state’ overrun by warlords as it is now; this phenomenon is a product of that U.S.-led regime change operation. The article below, originally published on March 30, 2019, summarizes and analyzes the events that transpired during and after the Cold War ...
READ MORE
It is Time to Call Radio “Liberty” What It is: Radio Gestapo America
Radio “Liberty” has always been a propaganda ministry. Formerly its propaganda was directed against the Soviet Union. Today it is directed against distinguished Americans who are known and respected for their allegiance to the truth.Radio Liberty’s latest target is an American scholar who is far more widely respected than Radio Liberty. Like everything else in Washington, the two-bit propaganda ministry is carried away by hubris and a mistaken opinion of its own importance.A Radio Liberty non-entity named Carl Schreck, of whom no one has ever heard has declared America’s most distinguished Russian scholar, Stephen Cohen, to be “a Putin apologist.”Stephen ...
READ MORE
America’s Myth of a Peaceful Nation
"We are a peaceful nation," claimed Republican presidential candidate Ben Carson in an interview with Katie Couric late last year.Carson voiced a view that is held by many in our society. Like most people around the world, we naturally like to think of ourselves as a peace loving country.Unfortunately, the record does not bear this out. It, in fact, indicates something quite opposite: The United States has had a long and bloody history of aggression and war making.A survey of history shows that America has either been involved in armed conflict or conducted some form of military operations during 223 ...
READ MORE
Wartime Radio: “The Chetniks” (1942), Treasury Star Parade
Review: “The Chetniks” (1942), Treasury Star Parade Radio Play. Starring Orson Welles and Vincent Price. Treasury Department War Savings Staff Radio Recording, Program 101, Treasury Star Parade “The Chetniks” Starring Orson Welles and Vincent Price and David Broekman and his Orchestra and Chorus, 1942. G-1897-P-1 (matrix). “E.T. announcements included.” William A. Bacher, director and producer. 1 pressed radio transcription sound disc: analog, 33 1/3 rpm, mono; 16 in. Recorded on one side only. “This program for sustaining use only.” Manufactured by the Allied Record Manufacturing Company, Hollywood, California. “The Chetniks” “The Chetniks” radio play was a poignant and powerful dramatization of the resistance movement in Nazi-occupied Yugoslavia led ...
READ MORE
The Balkan Vlachs (2)
The Vlachs in Albania Albania’s Vlach community is living in the southern part of the country, which has its historical name – North Epirus.[1] They are dispersed from the city of Gjirokastër in the south to the city of Elbasan in Central Albania. However, the largest Vlach concentration is in the areas of the cities of Gjirokastër, Korçë, and Përmet in the southernmost part of Albania where they live together with the Orthodox Greeks, Albanians, and Macedonians.[2] The number of Albanian Vlachs is estimated from 35,000 to 100,000, but some researchers raise this figure to almost 200,000 (that is around 1–2,5% ...
READ MORE
Tito Disappeared in 1937: Yugoslavia was Led by a Russian Agent – FBI Documents
On April 20, 1955, Marijan John Markul entered the FBI’s Los Angeles office and told a shocking story. The man who then introduced himself as Marshal Josip Broz Tito was not actually him, but a Russian agent who assumed the identity of Tito after Josip Broz disappeared in Russia in 1937. This is stated in the FBI’s report from the beginning of May 1955, writes daily newspaper “Kurir”.Secret FBI reports from the fifties were recently opened and released to the public.Marijan Markul was born in Livno in 1909. He moved to the United States in 1936 and received citizenship in ...
READ MORE
Remember the Golan Heights?
During the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, Syrian forces had surprised Israel and were fast approaching the edge of the steep Golan Heights, captured by Israel during the 1967 war. It seemed as if Syrian armor and infantry would retake Golan, then pour down into Israeli Galilee. Soviet recon satellites observed Israel moving its nuclear-armed, 500km-range Jericho missiles out of protective caves and onto their launch pads. At the same time, Israel was seen loading nuclear bombs on their US-supplied F-4 fighter-bombers at Tel Nof airbase. Believing Israel was about to use nuclear weapons against Syria and Egypt, Moscow put huge pressure on both ...
READ MORE
Potential New EU Member is Jihad’s Trojan Horse
Fourteen people were arrested last Friday in raids in the Austrian capital of Vienna and the city of Graz.A real flag of KosovostanProsecutors said the coordinated action, which involved 800 officers, was part of an ongoing investigation into suspected membership in the terrorist organization ISIS.Police also reportedly raided unofficial mosques where supporters of ISIS, against which the Trump administration has declared war, may have been meeting.Among those arrested, at least four were from the Balkan country of Bosnia-Herzegovina, a former federal unit of Yugoslavia. They are suspected of being part of the so-called Bosnian Network, run by a preacher who received ...
READ MORE
The Libyan Scenario for North Korea
On March 23, 2018, the US media published an interview with the newly-appointed National Security Advisor John R. Bolton, where he stated that the only solution for North Korea is complete disarmament – following the example of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi. This scenario is exactly what Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un need to discuss during their negotiations.John R. Bolton is well-known as a hardliner regarding Pyongyang. During his work for the Department of State in the 2000s, he was one of the most furious opponents of any dialogue with North Korea, and more recently he advocated a preventive strike against ...
READ MORE
The Tragic Declaration: Colonial Legacies, Balfour and Israel
So much after the fact; so much in terms of opportunism gone to seed and destruction. But planned historical calamities tend to be rare. There are only absurd moments, dastardly opportunities, and tragic convergences. History is less the outcome of wise deliberation than folly dressed up as reason, occasionally tinged by a touch of malice.On November 2, 1917, the British government published the Balfour Declaration (one of “sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations”) by means of a letter written by Foreign Secretary Lord Arthur James Balfour to Lord Walter Rothschild. It suggested forthcoming British assistance for the establishment of a Jewish ...
READ MORE
Mass Killings of Serbs for Organs Only Boosted in Kosovo, But it Started Earlier in Croatia, Vukovar
Contrary to the popular belief, the bloodiest trade in history (when organs were taken away from captured and imprisoned Kosovo Serbs),  did not begin in Kosovo, but in Croatia.As reported by the Serbian media in the process  conducted by EULEX mission in Kosovo , ” one of the accused confessed about  participating in human organ sale”.Driton Jiljta  pleaded guilty to the indictment charging him with “abuse of authority and illegal medical activity.” This case is  apart of larger process and the prosecution has charged seven Albanians and two foreigners for trafficking , organized crime and transplantation formulized as  “illegal medical ...
READ MORE
Taboo Subject in NATO Media: Refugees, America’s Gift to Europe
In the latest episode in the never-ending series of indignities, calamities, and disasters to be visited upon the heads of the world’s millions of suffering and desperate refugees, they are now being stabbed in the back by the one leader of an affluent NATO country who had risked any political capital to help a substantial number of them, German Chancellor Angela Merkel.At the height of the refugee wave from NATO war zones into Turkey and Europe a couple of years ago, Merkel opened the borders and allowed nearly a million refugees into Germany. Although she is a conservative woman and ...
READ MORE
How the Bosnian War paved the way for ISIS in Europe
ISIS has new turf, this time in Europe. The German magazine Der Spiegel reports that there are now remote villages in the mountains of northern Bosnia where where the ISIS flag flies, and residents live under Sharia law. Roughly half of Bosnians are Muslim, and the radical ultra-devout make up a very small percentage. But it appears that percentage is growing — and growing violent — as extremists are gaining a foothold in rural Bosnian society.There are between 200 and 300 Bosnians fighting with ISIS in Syria and Iraq, more than from any other European nation besides Belgium. The Der ...
READ MORE
NATO: Seeking Russia’s Destruction Since 1949
In 1990, after the fall of the Berlin Wall, U.S. president George H. W. Bush through his secretary of state James Baker promised Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev that in exchange for Soviet cooperation on German reunification, the Cold War era NATO alliance would not expand “one inch” eastwards towards Russia. Baker told Gorbachev: “Look, if you remove your [300,000] troops [from east Germany] and allow unification of Germany in NATO, NATO will not expand one inch to the east.”In the following year, the USSR officially dissolved itself. Its own defensive military alliance (commonly known as the Warsaw Pact) had already ...
READ MORE
Terrorist al-Nusra Front is blamed for massacre and abduction of Syrian civilians.
As explosions from detonated mines continued in the background a Syrian general confirmed in some detail an ugly truth: Washington and its close allies Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Israel backed the ISIS takeover and destruction of Palmyra.Most of the weapons ISIS used were from the US , with some ammunition from Israel . ISIS had US Hummers, spinning explosive projectiles and military rations from the US , Turkey and Saudi Arabia .That should not have been a surprise. US officials admitted in 2014 that their allies Turkey , the Saudis and Qatar were backing every single armed group in ...
READ MORE
Libya: Ten Things about Gaddafi They don’t want You to Know
What do you think of when you hear the name Colonel Gaddafi? Tyrant? Dictator? Terrorist? Well, a national citizen of Libya may disagree but we want you to decide. For 41 years until his demise in October 2011, Muammar Gaddafi did some truly amazing things for his country and repeatedly tried to unite and empower the whole of Africa. So despite what you’ve heard on the radio, seen in the media or on the TV, Gaddafi did some powerful things that are not characteristic of a “vicious dictator” as portrayed by the western media. Here are ten things Gaddafi did for Libya that you may not know about… 1. In Libya a home is ...
READ MORE
Fomenting Illegal “Independence” and “Revolutions” in Kosovo and Panama
US President Theodore Roosevelt, a staunch imperialist and expansionist, engineered the illegal dismemberment of Colombia in 1903.The illegal US dismemberment and annexation of Serbian territory, the detachment, and dismemberment of Kosovo in 2008, parallels what occurred when the US illegally dismembered Columbia in 1903 in order to construct the Panama Canal.Outrage, shock, and uproar followed Roosevelt’s illegal detachment of Panama from Columbia in 1903. Many American leaders were outraged at the illegality, cynicism, and immorality of the dismemberment of Columbia.In the March 2, 1912 New York Times article “Hit at Roosevelt in Panama Inquiry; Senate Calls on Taft for All Records ...
READ MORE
Operation Paperclip: Nazi Science goes West
The bleak truth is that a careful review of the activities of the CIA and the organizations from which it sprang reveals an intense preoccupation with the development of techniques of behavior control, brainwashing, and covert medical and psychic experimentation on unwitting subjects including religious sects, ethnic minorities, prisoners, mental patients, soldiers and the terminally ill. The rationale for such activities, the techniques and indeed the human subjects chosen show an extraordinary and chilling similarity to Nazi experiments.This similarity becomes less surprising when we trace the determined and often successful efforts of US intelligence officers to acquire the records of ...
READ MORE
The Origin of the Nazi Salutes
Hillary Clinton and the Brutal Murder of Gaddafi
Afghanistan: The Forgotten Proxy War
It is Time to Call Radio “Liberty” What It is: Radio Gestapo America
America’s Myth of a Peaceful Nation
Wartime Radio: “The Chetniks” (1942), Treasury Star Parade
The Balkan Vlachs (2)
Tito Disappeared in 1937: Yugoslavia was Led by a Russian Agent – FBI Documents
Remember the Golan Heights?
Potential New EU Member is Jihad’s Trojan Horse
The Libyan Scenario for North Korea
The Tragic Declaration: Colonial Legacies, Balfour and Israel
Mass Killings of Serbs for Organs Only Boosted in Kosovo, But it Started Earlier in Croatia, Vukovar
Taboo Subject in NATO Media: Refugees, America’s Gift to Europe
How the Bosnian War paved the way for ISIS in Europe
NATO: Seeking Russia’s Destruction Since 1949
How the US Backed the ISIS Takeover and Destruction of Palmyra
Libya: Ten Things about Gaddafi They don’t want You to Know
Fomenting Illegal “Independence” and “Revolutions” in Kosovo and Panama
Operation Paperclip: Nazi Science goes West
FOLLOW US ON OUR SOCIAL PLATFORMS
Share