After 267 days, the end of the battle of Mosul was announced on July 10th. “Liberation” is a misleading notion, because the hostilities have not stopped, the human suffering has not stopped.
There are still victims in the city every day on both sides.
Many refugees have no home to go back to and are suffering from severe mental health problems, especially the children.
No reason to celebrate
Were inter alia destroyed:
- 9 of the 10 major hospitals.
- 76 of the 98 medical centres.
- 6 big bridges across the Tigris.
- three-quarters of Mosul’s roads,
- 400 educational institutions, including schools, universities and education centres.
- 11,000 residential housing units.
- 4 electrical power plants and 65 percent of its electrical network
- 6 water purifying systems and much of the city’s water infrastructure has been booby trapped.
- The pharmaceutical industrial complex.
- All grain stores.
- Two large dairies.
- 212 oil refineries, petrol and fuel stations.
- All public buildings
- All state and private banks.
- 63 religious centres (churches and mosques), most of them valuable historical sites.
- 250 workshops, factories and small factories, including agro-industries.
- 29 hotels
- More than 40,000 civilian casualties
- 38 out of 54 residential areas in West Mosul are destroyed. A staff director in the office of the Nineveh governor, said that “while eastern Mosul is half-destroyed, the devastation in the western half is much greater”. A member of a local volunteer group said that the destruction in west Mosul is close to “99 percent.”
And in the rest of Iraq, the humanitarian and security situation remains disastrous.
- 11 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, of which 5.1 million children (OCHA, September 2017)
- More than one million people have been displaced since the military operations to recapture the city of Mosul since October 2016, with about three quarters of West Mosul since April. While 1.95 million people have returned to their residences, 3.2 million people remain internally displaced in Iraq and need humanitarian aid.
- Since June 2014 there were 138 attacks on schools and 58 attacks on hospitals
- More than 3 million children attend school irregularly, while 1.2 million children do not go to school at all. How many more lost generations will this war produce?
The extent of civilian casualties, the massive destruction of American bombs, missiles and artillery and the use by the American army of white phosphorus, a weapon that is internationally forbidden for use in populated areas, are all serious US war crimes.
Little international attention for civilian victims
The catastrophic number of civilian deaths in Mosul receives little international attention from politicians and journalists. This is in stark contrast to the global outrage of the bombing of East Aleppo by the Syrian government and the Russian troops at the end of 2016.
It is believed that more than