Tag Archive: Westphalia

The Peace Treaty of Westphalia (1648) and Its Consequences for International Relations

International relations (IR) from the mid-17th century to the mid-20th century were founded on the decisions by the Peace Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 that ended the Thirty Years War. However, from the beginning of the 21st century, the IR are once again more and more framed by the international standards established in 1648 […]