The Markale false flag as casus beli – On August 30, 1995. NATO began bombing of Republika Srpska (RS); the aggression lasted until 14. September and resulted in killing several hundreds of civilians. During the period the NATO aircrafts dropped 1,026, bombs with a total weight of explosives: 10,000 tons. NATO officials admitted the use of radioactive ammunition, saying that it was done in order to “bring Serbs to the table.” (i.e. negotiation). Casus beli for the NATO aggression was Sarajevo market Markale blast, 28 August 1995 for which they blamed Serbs, although the report of the Independent Commission indicated thatthere was no evidence that the shells came from the Serbian position. Many international and ballistics experts expressed serious doubts concerning the claims that Serbs were responsible for the crime; General Lewis MacKenzie, that time head of UNPROFOR, was among them as well.
And when another Markale ( ‘chemical weapon use” in Syria) is to bring World to the World War III, let’s analyse the testimonies ( deliberately excluded those by Serbs), for no one believes them anyway, Let’s see what was said by the UNPROFOR officers in the Hague tribunal. There were one Russian and one Ukrainian, but the majority were Canadians and a single officer from New Zealand.
Markale I, 5. February 1994. – Ballistics experts and UNPROFOR officers still discussed the shelling issue, meanwhile, CNN Christiana Amanpour and Hague Prosecutor accused Serbs of it. The above-mentioned officers in the larger part of their testimonies denied as well as presented rational doubts concerning the Prosecutor’s (and Christiana Amanpour’s) claims that the shell came from Serbs; they were explaining that it was not possible to establish the exact location the shell was fired from, thus whether it was done by Serbs or by the Muslims; the rest of their testimonies is, indeed, a gross accusation against the Hague Prosecutor, CNN, Christiana Amanpour, as well as their inspirers.
British ballistics expert Dereck Olsen from UK Academy of Defence claimed, under the oath, that is was impossible to establish exact distance the deadly shell came from, and therefore, it’s impossible to accuse Serbs of firing it, and that’s it was obvious from the start, of course, under the condition that the goal was to discover the truth. John Russel, a Canadian major, ( that time Second of the UN special envoy Sergio de Mello), in-charge of military issues, had personally researched the crater; he clearly stated that it was impossible to determine who fired the shell. And according to that, he handed over the report to the UNPROFOR HQ in Zagreb the day after the Markale tragedy. The report included his conclusion that both, the Serbian and the Muslim side could fire the deadly shell.
Why was it so difficult to resolve the case and find out the responsible? Fortiori the colonel Jodrey mentioned before the court that the crater analysis wasn’t up to date but it was a relatively simple method for locating the origin of a mortar firing.
Quite interesting was the explanation provided by gen. Michael Gutiller. The general unveiled that the ‘ crater was destroyed, digged out and excavated by French soldiers , who applied some ’’non -conventional“ ’’suspicious’ (’suspect’ as cited), methods of investigation; so that certain officer named captain Verdi who took the case over, additionally erred in figures and calculation, thus the results were useless. Therefore when gen. Gutllier and his men took the case over, it was already too late for an investigation.
Which doesn’t mean that there were no certain excessive conclusions,. There were certain conclusions in a way that they confirmed with great certainty, that the deadly shell on Markale was NOT fired by the Serbs, but rather by Muslims alone. Ukrainian Colonel Sergei Moroz testified before the Hague tribunal that he was told by the Russian member of the UN investigation unit (Rumyancev) that the shell didn’t come from Serbian side and that it’s more likely that the blasting device was brought and installed at the market than shelled.
Ok, so there are Russian, Ukrainian, this smells like some Serbian conspiracy. But let’s hear what Russel, a Canadian, has to say? He established that the penetrating angle of the shell if it really had been fired from the mortar, had to be extremely steep (more precisely 90 degrees almost) in order to overshoot the surrounding high buildings; thus his conclusion is that the shell must have been fired from the nearby surrounding buildings. And there were only Muslim forces positioned around. He noted in his personal diary written during his mission in Bosnia ( February 5th 1994 entry) that he believes it has been the Muslims alone who shoot their own people on a tragic day. He added that during the later weapon search among the Bosnian Muslim forces plenty of 120 mm handmade shells were found, even their welds were identical to the tail of the one that hit Markale.
Steven Joudrey as well stated in his conclusion that even if the shell was launched from the distance, must have been fired from the area of which 95% is controlled by the Muslim forces., and that ,,nothing disputes“ the possibility of firing from the nearby roofs, Joudrey further says , If we take into consideration relatively small size of the marketplace as well as UN reports stating that this area hadn’t been under intense fire the days and even hours before the blast, the possibility of having a single missile fired at the market and hitting it ….. ’almost doesn’t exist’. And that’s why there is a possibility of the manual firing from the surrounding building roofs.
That situation repeats in Markale on 28. August 1995. – The UN investigator Andrei Demurenko stated again that the possibility a single striking shell came from the Serbian positions is 1:10. 000. 000, but that there’s no evidence confirming even the smallest possibility the Serbs fired it: neither on the scene nor in the radar recordings, so that the Investigators believe what actually happened was ‘terrorist attack from the inside the city’ but , Demurenko explains, they were banned from any further investigation; An American Intelligence officer signed the report which ’opposes the laws of physics’ claiming that the missile was fired by the Serbs, and the radars failed to detect it due to its low launching position (?!) But the million-dollar question (key question) remained unanswered: how the low launched shell managed to pass over the surrounding high buildings?
Demurenko as well said that even the UNPROFOR often had an immense impression that the Muslims in Sarajevo target their own citizens with snipers, but that was extremely difficult to prove due to the order of the Command, that those situations are BANNED from any further investigation.
Are these statements only an exaggeration of the zealous Russian, who is likely to release the Serbs from guilt? But even London’s The Independent on 22. August 1992. reported that ’the UN officials, as well as Western high military officers, believe that some of the worst recent murders, including the massacre of at least 16 people from the queue in front of the bakery, were carried out by Muslim defendants of the city – and not by the Serbs who besiege it – as propaganda (manipulation) trickery suggests in order to gain World’s sympathy and, consequently, military intervention in their behalf’ .
As for the Vasa Miskin massacre, The Independent stated: ’Confidential reports to the UN commander, Gen. Satish Nambiar, claim that it was the Bosnian forces loyal to Alija Izetbegovic who detonated the bomb in Vasa Miskin, and that has been a remotely controlled blast, probably placed in a can’, said the UN official.
Gray’s testimony: All would probably remain just a part of the journalist’s guessing and Russian zealously, until the testimony of Colonel Paul Gray, New Zealand army, filled the air: Muslims were shooting Serbs from their position behind the Kosevo hospital, in order to provoke their reply on the civilian targets hoping to be given worse than received, in order to provoke military intervention in their behalf:
– On July 13, 1992, the children placed in the post office building who were given candies by the Canadian soldiers, have been killed by the mortar fire. Grey believes that the shell came from the Muslim controlled territory (this blast as we notice, WAS NOT listed neither in Karadzic nor Mladic’ indictment);
– Targeting Bosnian Presidental residency every time foreign representatives were visiting became a routine; On July 17, 1992. during the visit of the British diplomacy chief Douglas Herd: as soon as Herd entered the building the shell that killed 10 passers-by toppled down. He was personally present, so he heard the sound of firing. ’ – The distance was less than 200m’, he later testified. “The Bosnian Muslims were attacking their own civilians” he states, and makes the conclusion that ’the Bosnian side was purposely killing their own civilians in order to gain world’s sympathy and provoke Internationaл intervention’.
Steven Jodry was a Canadian artillery expert who was in charge of studying the field reports in the HQ in Zagreb; Jodrey made a conclusion that it was not possible to provide the answer to the key question: Whose mortar fired the shell? General Michael Gutllier, commander of all the Canadian military forces stationed abroad, was a team leader of the UN investigation unit in February 1994; he said that even though the direction of the firing could have been established, that wasn’t the case with the distance, hence he made a conclusion that ’’both sides could fire the shell“.
Christiana’s manipulation and propaganda: Soon after those statements were announced, Christiana Amanpour and CNN managed to determine and ‘prove’ that the Serbs fired the shell. The above mentioned major Russel, as it comes to this, evocated that one day before an initial report, containing the conclusion as above, (that it still remains uncertain who fired the shell) was made, CNN accused Serbs of firing, on February 5th. Major Russel labelled it as propaganda.
Originally published on 2019-08-30
About the author: Grey Carter is International Law graduate, Member of International Association of Scientific and Technical Translators of Serbia, FIT and EULITA member, freelancer, author
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First published by GR in December 2006
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